[Blueboard] Invitation: Symposium on Sama-Bajau Research in Southeast Asia - Aug. 13

ipc ipc at admu.edu.ph
Fri Aug 10 10:22:20 PHT 2012

The Institute of Philippine Culture, School of Social Sciences, warmly
invites you to a symposium on Sama-Bajau Research in Southeast Asia


on Monday, August 13, 2012

3:30 to 5:30pm

IPC Conference Room

Frank Lynch Hall, Social Development Complex



Living as the Urban Poor: Case Studies of Five Sama-Bajau Migrant Families
in Davao City, Philippines 

by Waka Aoyama, Hokkaido University IPC Visiting Research Associate




The Sama-Bajau, are the lowest income group among the marginalized
minorities in Davao. Despite their stereotype in urban Philippines, they are
neither 'sea gypsies' nor beggars. They left their domiciles due to
security, political, or economic reasons and came to live as minorities in
safer urban settlements in the city. However, they have found themselves
most vulnerable in a tourism city, which ironically, officially and proudly
celebrates its cultural diversity as a resource for its regional

This presentation aims to illustrate how they are living their daily lives.
Specifically, it examines how and where they earn and spend their money as
the urban poor, using case studies of five Sama-Bajau migrant families in
the city.



Conserving Marine Environment for Cultural Diversity: A case of sea cucumber
production and trade in the Philippines 

by Jun Akamine, PhD, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nagoya City




Growing concern over biodiversity and environmental conservation is causing
some cultures to abandon wildlife as food resources. Among Asian culinary
perspectives, the harvest of such wild animals as whale, tuna, shark, and
sea cucumber has provoked concern.  

International conventions such as IWC (International Whaling Commission),
CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora), and CBD (Convention on Biological

Diversity) try to regulate the harvest and trade of those wild animals. This
phenomenon known as ?environmentalism? became conspicuous after 1970s, where
elephants and whales played a symbolic role for conservation. The current
environmentalism shows more interest in marine environment and marine life.
While most of the wildlife paid attention in the 1970s were not consumed as
food, those marine life currently attracts attention are food resources and
some of them, such as whale, shark, and sea cucumber, have long history of
exploitation in Asia and Pacific. In addition, some animals have been
distributed and consumed domestically but the other resources, such as shark
and sea cucumber have been exported from neighboring countries into China at
least for three hundred years. This paper will first examine how the
environmentalism transformed its conservation concerns from land-based
wildlife into marine-based one. Through this analysis, the paper will
propose a perspective called ?eco-politics?, temporally defined as ?dynamics
evolved through interaction between various stakeholders who hold vested
interests such as government, IGOs, NGOs, traders, and consumers,? for
better understanding of the environmentalism became political issue after
the end of the Cold War.



Being Maritime Creole: Dynamics of the Ethno-Genealogy of Sama-Bajau in

by Kazufumi Nagatsu, PhD, Department of Sociology, Tokyo University




My presentation is concerned with the making process of ?maritime folks? in
Southeast Asian Maritime world with special reference to Wallacean Sea.
Through the analyses, it aims at demonstrating highly hybrid and creole
natures of the maritime folks in relation to the formation of their
community and identity, and understanding socio-ecological characteristics
at a certain maritime environment in Wallacean Sea where the maritime folks
have maintained and repeatedly reconstructed such the hybrid and creole
natures. In order to understand the latter socio-ecological characteristics,
the present study tries to examine the concept of ?maritime frontier? in the
light of preceding discussions on ?frontier society? in Southeast Asian

The presentation focuses on the Sama-Bajau. With an approximate population
of 1,100,000, many of the Sama-Bajau live along coasts or on islands. Their
settlements are dispersed widely over the southern Philippines, Sabah,
Malaysia, and eastern Indonesia. Their livelihood is generally based on
sea-oriented activities such as fishing, cultivation of coconut palms, and
marine trade. Until the mid twentieth century some groups included in the
Sama-Bajau lived on the boats and were known as ?sea nomads? in the European
literatures due to their lifestyles. Thus, they constitute one of the most
distinctive maritime folks in Insular Southeast Asia.



For reservations and inquiries, please e-mail ipc at admu.edu.ph or call local




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