[Blueboard] Guidelines H1N1

personnel at admu.edu.ph personnel at admu.edu.ph
Thu Jun 11 10:15:06 PHT 2009

In the light of confirmed cases of Influenza A H1N1 in the Ateneo High  
School, we are re- issuing the following for the guidance of everyone:

Influenza A H1N1 is a respiratory disease caused by type A influenza  
virus which used to infect pigs.  In March and early April 2009, cases  
of human infections with swine influenza A (H1N1) virus were first  
reported in South California and Texas.

Outbreaks in humans are now occurring from human-to-human  
transmission. When infected people cough or sneeze, infected droplets  
get on their hands, drop onto surfaces, or are dispersed into the air.  
Persons around them can  be exposed. To prevent spread, people should  
cover their mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing, and wash their  
hands regularly.

Early signs of influenza A(H1N1) are flu-like, including fever, cough,  
headache, muscle and joint pain, sore throat and runny nose, and  
sometimes vomiting or diarrhea.

The WHO recommends the following for persons who have a history of  
travel and who get sick of flu or flu like symptoms:

a.  Stay at home and keep away from work, school or crowds.
b.  Rest and take plenty of fluids.
c.  Cover nose and mouth while coughing and sneezing.  If using tissue,
        dispose of them carefully.  Wash hands immediately with soap and water
        or alcohol based hand sanitizer.
d.  If you do not have any tissue or handkerchief when you cough or sneeze,
       cover your mouth with the crook of your elbow.
e.  Use a mask to help you contain the spread of droplets when you are
       around others.
f.  Inform family and friends of your illness and try to avoid contact
       with other people.
g.  If possible, contact a health professional before traveling to a
      health facility to discuss whether a medical examination is necessary.

All members of the community who  get sick of flu or flu-like symptoms  
(feeling unwell, developing cough, sore throat and fever of 38 C or  
more) must contact their health service provider who will advise  
whether further medical examination is necessary.  The Department of  
Health also recommends that persons who get sick in the next ten days  
following their arrival in the country seek medical consult early for  
prompt testing for Influenza A H1N1.  The referral center nearest the  
Ateneo is the Lung Center of the Philippines along Quezon Avenue  
(9246101 and 9240707).  Other referral centers are the Research  
Institute for Tropical Medicine (8097599) and the San Lazaro Hospital  
(7323776 to78).

To prevent the spread of H1N1 virus, the DOH recommends:

1.  Wash your hands, wash your hands, and wash your hands! Hand  
washing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds after touching  
objects, surfaces or another person's hands can physically remove cold  

2.  When water isn?t available, use alcohol-based liquid hand  
sanitizers frequently especially when hand washing is really not  
possible.  If using a gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry.  It  
does not require water to work, the alcohol in it will kill hand  
germs.  But remember that not all germicidal lotions will adequately  
kill cold viruses.

3.  If you sneeze or cough, cover your nose or mouth.  Avoid rubbing  
or touching your eyes and nose.  Cold and flu are often spread by  
hand-to-hand contact, so avoid directly facing an individual who is  
coughing and sneezing.  ?If you do sneeze into your hands, make sure  
you clean them, and do this EVERY time you sneeze or cough.

4.  Limit your exposure (even brief contact) to persons who have flu  
or flu like symptoms especially during the first several days of their  
flu symptoms.  Avoid crowded places.

5.  For individuals who are excessively stressed, some studies favor  
the use of daily vitamin C during the cold and flu season.

7.  Eating a balanced diet and getting adequate sleep is a good first  
step in keeping immune system from getting overly stressed.  When  
you?re rested, you will be better prepared to fight off illness.

8.  Remind your children to practice healthy habits.  And of course  
that means lots of hand washing, covering their mouth when they cough  
or sneeze and using hand sanitizers when water isn?t available.

9.  Routinely clean and disinfect frequently touched items like  
doorknobs, telephones, etc.  Disinfecting actually destroys germs, it  
doesn?t just clean surfaces.  Follow instructions of disinfectants.   
Germs may live on countertops and surfaces for hours or even days.

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