[Blueboard] Exhibit: Philippine-American War, 1899-1902

Dhea S. Santos esantos at ateneo.edu
Tue Nov 20 09:15:37 PHT 2007

American Historical Collection of the Rizal Library



on exhibit from November 2007 - May 2008

3rd Floor - Rizal Library Annex
Ateneo de Manila University
Loyola Heights, Quezon City
1108 Philippines


After the sinking of the USS Maine in the harbor at Havana, Cuba, in
February 1898, tensions between the United States and Spain quickly reached the
boiling point. On April 22, E. Spencer Pratt, the U.S. Consul General at
Singapore, arranged a meeting with Emilio Aguinaldo. Pratt gave the Filipino
leaders a verbal promise that in case of a war with Spain, he would guarantee
independence to the Philippine Islands if Aguinaldo would return to the
Philippines and unite the people against the Spanish. Three days later America
declared war on Spain.

On May 19, almost three weeks after Commodore Dewey's victory over the Spanish
fleet at Manila Bay, Aguinaldo and thirteen of his lieutenants arrived at
Cavite and conferred with Dewey. The same day Aguinaldo issued proclamation
urging his countrymen to join the war against Spain to win freedom for their

Near the end of June, Aguinaldo declared a provisional government and issued a
declaration of independence. However, with the arrival of the first American
troops, Aguinaldo was informed that the United States recognized his military
leadership but not his civil authority. The U.S. State Department also
repudiated Pratt's promise of Philippine independence, stating that Pratt did
not have the authority to "make pledges or discuss policy."

This rejection was a slap on the face to Aguinaldo. And eight months later it
would result in the United States becoming embroiled in a bloody struggle in
the Philippine Islands.


The American Historical Collection (AHC) which established in 1950, consists of
about 13,000 books, 18,000 photographs, and other materials related to the
American experience in the Philippines and to the relationship of the two
countries. With the possible exception of the holdings of the Library of
Congress, the AHC is the largest, most diverse and most complete in the world.

Ambassador Myron Cowen (1949-1951), who saw the devastation wrought by the war
on many things including the memory of the times preceding it, encouraged the
American community to donate books and other materials pertaining to the first
half of the 20th century. His initiative was responsible for the early phase of
the collection.

The AHC was housed first at the U.S. Embassy, then at the Thomas Jefferson
Center at Makati. It is now kept at the Rizal Library of the Ateneo de Manila
  University. The Rizal Library is committed to preserve the collection
following the high standards it uses when conserving its own holdings.
Furthermore, it is committed to facilitate the research of   scholars.

|  American Historical Collection               |
|  Rizal Library, Ateneo de Manila University   |
|                                               |
|  Telefax :(632) 426-6001 ext. 5817            |
|  E-mail: ahc at admu.edu.ph                      |
|  Website: http://rizal.lib.admu.edu.ph/ahc    |
|                                               |
|  Library Hours:                               |
|  Monday to Friday: 8:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.       |
|  Saturday: 8:00 a.m.-12:00 nn.                |

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