[Blueboard] Seminar on Environment: alternative dispute resolution

asalvador at ateneo.edu asalvador at ateneo.edu
Thu Apr 22 09:24:17 PHT 2004

Please post. Thank you. 

                             Approach: Alternative dispute resolution 
                             Tools:    3-Dimensional Mapping 
                                       Stakeholders Analysis

Seminar on Environment: Concept and Skill Building
CTC 102, 26,27,28 April 2004; 8 am to 3 pm.
Department of Political Science, IPC and World Wildlife Fund -

Fees: 2000 Php (contact: asalvador at ateneo.edu; sally at 426-6001 loc.

In critical conflict situations, the use of conventional maps can be a
source of heightened boundary and land use conficts especially when map
instruments are drawn out with limited or no consultations with interested
actors or when administrative boundaries are delineated on the bases of
traditional peace pact negotiation outcomes, IRA allocations and mineral
and geothermal deposit sites. 

In Kalinga, CAR, Philippines, community leaders, elders, activists and
local bureaucrats have tried using the participatory 3-D modelling
(P3-DM)technique that combines local people's knowledge with Geographic
Information System (GIS) -generated data in order to produce a 3
dimensional relief model of contested areas. 

As an alternative conflict resolution devise, P3-DM creates an environment
that consults stakeholders who "stand up" to construct a visual map using
local and indigenous materials such as leaves, barks, yarns, cartons,
push pins and glue.

This way, a "new" non-conventional map can be produced while participants
simultaneously negotiate perceived versus actual boundaries around 
ancestral domains, cultural groups, waterways, mountains,

Giacomo Rambaldi (formerly of ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity
Conservation) in writing about the positive dynamics generated by P3-D
modelling, emphasises the impact of visual perspectives on
"generating a common ground for reflection, debate and participatory
problem analysis".  

P3-D modelling can utilize the strategies of stakeholders analysis in
bringing together interests. It is user friendly to women, children, even
to the illiterate.  It can eliminate dangerous eye contacts between
participants. In a situation where relief maps are used, glues and yarns
(instead of weapons) can hurled by non-consenting parties when disputes
arise on the spot in "mounted" negotiating tables. 

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